Home » Uncategorized » Where do they intend to lead us to? 他们企图带我们去向何方?

Where do they intend to lead us to? 他们企图带我们去向何方?

 

大家好!既然Dr. CJ给了允许,那我也就不客气地写一点中文吧 =) 不过就在不久之前,中文才在语言类的调查研究中当选了世界最难学的语言第一名,所以如果我整篇博客都用中文写的话,估计会被大家杀掉……对中文感兴趣的同学也许已经用翻译工具明白了前面的话,不感兴趣的应该已经直接忽略了这些文字……就这样好了,逗大家玩玩,以上内容和博客本身没有关系 =p

The words above have nothing to do with the blog content. Just relax =)

With the rapid development of globalization, media, the key tool for people from all over the world to better know and understand each other, is playing a more and more important role in globalization process. In our daily life, media is the most convenient and efficient way for us to know what is going on everyday either in our own country or other countries that far away from us, as well as reach other people and countries that we are not familiar with and curious about.

However, media is not always reflecting the fact and truth while large amount of information and messages are widely spreading everywhere through different media channels. I am always interested in the issue of media bias, which has a huge impact on people’s thoughts and attitudes toward almost every aspect in the society, such as economy, politics, culture, history, etc. Sometimes it can strongly influence or even change people’s concepts and values toward life and soul.

Why is media often biased? Who is actually manipulating the media? What is the purpose of the manipulation?  The answers for questions like that are not very clear for common people like us. Here I would like you to take a few minutes to watch a short video clip The Myth of the Liberal Media: The Propaganda Model of News, which is related to this topic and may give us a brief idea about how media works, especially from the aspect of politics.

 

The fact is that, we, the audience of media, are passive receivers being targeted by certain “manipulators” of media. For example, from the aspect of politics, politicians take advantage of media for better winning people’s support; party in power uses media to guide public opinions for better consolidating its power and influence. What we see and think mostly depends on what kind of information and messages we get from the media and where such information and messages intend to lead us to. In other words, any kind of media bias can cause huge influence on people’s attitudes and affect people’s ability of independent thinking. Different types of media bias such as the reference of unreliable source, lack of diversity, the utilizing of double standards or stereotypes, etc., can be easily discovered from every media channel nowadays.

Here is an example of the negative impact that media bias had brought about. In 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, during the process of Olympic Torch Relay, some people in Germany and UK were rioting against the torch relay team, aiming to obstruct the torch relay process and show their opposition to China as well as their support of the independence of Tibet. They burst into the torch relay team, trying to snatch or destroy the torch; they waved the flag of Tibet as well as the banner “free Tibet” in the crowd; they even burned Chinese national flag in front of other Chinese people who were watching the torch relay at the roadside. People in Germany and UK took such actions because that the mainstream media of Germany and UK, like ZDF and BBC, had reported that Chinese government kept using military force to confine and suppress Tibetans, who had been suffering a lot and didn’t have any freedom in Tibet. There were also some other fabricated stories widely spread through these well-known media channels, which made people in those countries feel there was totally no human rights in Tibet that Tibetans should get rid of the “shackles” from Chinese government. I don’t want to talk too much about the political issues between Tibet and China because it is another question that is not related to the topic here. My purpose is trying to show how easily people can be influenced by what media conveys and how strong the influence is that can really make people take some serious actions.  People who made such actions were fully convinced by the media, ignoring the source and reliability of those stories.

If you are interested, here is another 2-minute video clip showing how Chinese people in Germany protesting in silence against biased German media after the torch relay. Still remember “the single story”? Maybe what we need to do is to spare some time to listen to different voices talking about the same issue.

 

Here are my discussion questions:

  1. Are you a person who can be easily influenced by media? Why or why not?
  2. How much do you care about the reliability or objectiveness of a piece of news?
  3. When you hear about some news from certain media channel, will you believe that it is the whole story or try to look for more information that could help you judge the issue on your own?
  4. From your opinion, how can people avoid being influenced by biased media as far as possible?

So much for the topic. Can’t wait to see your insightful thoughts.

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23 Comments

  1. Boon Han says:

    中文的确非常难学。汉字不象英文,可以拼出来,不会念就不会念。要真正了解汉语,至少必须先认识三千个不同的汉字。不久前,我在新加坡的报章上看到了一篇报告,说有一位精通五十种语言的美国教授 (他在新加坡的语言中心教课),在新加坡工作了两年多,但就是学不会中文。可见,中文有多难学啊…
    http://www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/Singapore/Story/STIStory_784139.html

    • Ji Li says:

      哈哈,新加坡是用简体字的吗?我以为是繁体来的……是啊,我们因为天生会所以觉得没什么大不了的,但是对于以字母为基础学语言的人来说,汉字真是完全的天书啊……

  2. Alex says:

    Reports from news media lead audiences to be analytical and discern which aspects may have been influenced by underlying factors. This processing takes place before receiving a media report as a) factually true and b) in line with one’s one values and beliefs.

    I cannot speak as to part A. Having studied journalism and conducted in depth reporting, breaking news reporting, etc., I cannot speak to journalists presenting information that is factually inaccurate, because that was not what I was ever taught to do as a journalist. I have never been a part of journalism that was deceitful or intentionally neglectful of truth.

    As to part B, in my opinion, all people have biases – we have religions, political beliefs, and life experiences. These personal backgrounds affect the way we see ourselves, other people, and society. Therefore, I don’t believe it is humanly possible to approach a situation from a standpoint that is 100% objective.

    I used to write for Patch Media, which is a chain of online newspapers. Patch encourages the local editors of each news site to include, in their online biographies, their personal backgrounds including political and religious viewpoints. The reason for this is so that readers can know where their editors come from in thought, in order to be informed of where any possible biases may be present in their reporting.

    This is what most patch editors include on their site, in addition to their biographies:

    “At Patch, we promise always to report the facts as objectively as possible and otherwise adhere to the principles of good journalism. However, we also acknowledge that true impartiality is impossible because human beings have beliefs. So in the spirit of simple honesty, our policy is to encourage our editors to reveal their beliefs to the extent they feel comfortable. This disclosure is not a license for you to inject your beliefs into stories or to dictate coverage according to them. In fact, the intent is the opposite: we hope that the knowledge that your beliefs are on the record will cause you to be ever mindful to write, report and edit in a fair, balanced way. And if you ever see evidence that we failed in this mission, please let us know.”

    When a news reporter finds something that may be newsworthy, he/she is going to approach it from one’s own standpoint. If a different reporter approached the same situation, he/she would approach it differently in regards to personal beliefs and perception, even if it is simply about what may or may not be important. If someone were to ask me to disassociate myself from my political and religious views, and then approach some subject in any capacity, it would be impossible. Personal beliefs and experiences are always with you.

    In regard to watching the news, there are certain news outlets that I avoid because I believe they carry an agenda which is opposite of my views. If I observe them taking news in a certain direction to poke fun, berate, or negate things that I subscribe to, I am no longer going to follow that news source.

    The basic elements that should be contained in a news story are: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How. Usually, the Who, What, When, and Where are pretty simple and elements that are rarely twisted. However, it seems to me that the Why and How elements depend more on individual belief and perception. For example: Why did this happen? (i.e. Whose fault was it?), or How is this going to be fixed? (i.e. A thinks that B should happen, and C thinks that D should happen – the source may pick one side to report the How in order to carry out their own agenda, or may lean more to the side they agree with).

    • Ji Li says:

      Hi Alex, I really like the Patch example you provide here, which is a significant practice for other news media to reference. Every time when I’m reading a piece of news on the media, I am always curious about the personal background information of the journalist who wrote the news. The more information we know about the journalists, the better we can discover how such background information influences the journalists on their writing about a certain event.
      Yes, I agree that there is no any single person in this world who can be 100% objective. We are human beings, whose minds are formed with subjective values, attitudes and opinions. We just need to listen to more, see more, and think more, which may help us jump out of our own little circle and get involved in a larger world.

  3. KSA ROCKS! says:

    嘿,我非常感兴趣尝试,并且写我的反应用中文,我是肯定的将是坚韧的,但是美妙的学习经验。 我也将张贴我的反应用英语,因此您会发表我您的关于怎样的意见坏我
    ; – > >
    通信是非常传送信息重要手段。 在技术和发展的这年龄传播信息在几分钟内变得更加容易。 其中一个例子强有力的社会和大众传播媒体怎么可以是革命在埃及,从在网上分享在社会平台的消息发火花。 这是人们能容易地得到影响由通信和采取严肃的行动的另外证明。 而且,通信的重要性大规模地每年增加。 我同意这个博克的作者做的论据。 媒介是经常偏心的,并且预言是难的什么样的冲击一消息可能带来。 它相当经常是,那政府有宣传和 通过媒介强制执行有些想法。 然而,我相信,偏心的自然可能用全球化也解释和斋戒分享信息。 人们能也有强有力的想法和那个,得到更多追随者,胜利并且获取在社会的更多声音。

    1. 确定是非常难的哪信息是真实的,并且哪些不是。 那么经常,当读新闻时我接受消息如信得过。 即使我设法过滤信息和发现几个来源证明可信度,我必须承认我可能被媒介容易地影响。 我也注意不同的小组传送一则消息用不同的方式。

    2. 来源的可靠性是根本的在了解消息。 在同意信息之前,我通常检查什么是来源。 例如,我会认为大新闻台、报纸和第一个人来源更加可靠。 例如然而,同样新闻可以在中国和美国不同地被描述。 与抗议的这个情况反对西藏人镇压在国家将有一个不同的评论。

    3. 因为我相当是一个分析人,我会设法搜寻几证明建立我的看法。 虽然,它取决于新闻。 如果我是对题目感兴趣或它是相当普遍的,意味人们对题目关心,并且其他必须最终发现关于它,则我将研究几个来源和从外国讲的来源有时甚而翻译。 我相信,那信息可能很大地影响态度,方法,察觉和经常导致主要变化。 不仅政府、宗教领导和革命者能强制执行某一想法,但是互联网查寻引擎和甚而社会媒介。 采取此对考虑,我非常小心在选择一个可信来源。

    4. 没有从他们的边的评论有很多来源,那提供事实。 它是显然的,那甚而大报纸注意人们经常不想要听见第二人称评论,但是分析事实。 以我所见,如果更多信息被提供,不用从任一的主观评论边和,不用批评,读者能建立拥有观点。 全球性声音有巨大影响,并且防止后果的它是不可能的。 新闻台也给普通人的可能性表达他们的看法。 我倾向于读这些观点,并且,无需注意它,我有时接受我的职位根据同意或不同意。 这个过程已经是不可避免的,并且与超过7行星的十亿个人,我们不可能改变路线它。 然而,我建议检查信息的可信度关于几个来源的和考虑周到建立您自己的看法。 这是乐趣! 感谢^_^

  4. KSA ROCKS! says:

    Hey, I am very interested to try and write my response in Chinese, which I am sure will be tough but a wonderful learning experiences. I will also post my response in English so you would give me your opinion on how bad I did ;->>

    Communication is a very important means of transmitting information. In this age of technology and development it became easier to spread information within several minutes. One of the examples how powerful social and mass media can be is the revolution in Egypt, which sparked from sharing messages on social platforms online. This is yet another proof that people can easily get influenced by communication and take serious actions. Moreover, every year importance of communication is increasing on a larger scale. I agree with the argument made by the author in this blog. Media is often biased, and it is difficult to predict what kind of impact one message can bring. It is quite often, that governments have propaganda and enforce some ideas through media. However, I believe, that biased nature can also be explained by globalization and fast sharing of information. People can also have powerful ideas and the ones, who get more followers, win and acquire more voice in the society.
    1. It is very difficult to determine which information is true and which is not. So often, when reading news I accept the messages as trustworthy. Even though I am trying to filter information and find several sources to prove credibility, I have to admit that I can easily be influenced by media. I also noticed that different groups transmit one message in different ways.
    2. The reliability of the sources is essential in understanding the message. Before agreeing with the information, I usually check what is the source. For instance, I would regard large news channels, newspapers and first person sources as more reliable. However, the same news can be described differently in China and the US, for example. This situation with protest against suppression of Tibetans would have a different comment in the countries.
    3. Since I am quite an analytical person, I would try to search for several proofs to establish my opinion. Although, it depends on the news. If I am interested in the topic or it is quite popular, meaning that people care about the topic and others eventually have to find out about it, then I would research several sources and sometimes even translate from foreign-speaking sources. I believe, that information can greatly influence attitudes, approaches, perceiving and often lead to major changes. Not only the governments, religious leaders and revolutionists can enforce a certain idea, but even Internet search engines and social media. Taking this to consideration, I am very careful in choosing a credible source.
    4. There are a lot of sources, that provide just facts without comments from their side. It is obvious, that even large newspapers noticed that people often do not want to hear second person comment, but just analyze the facts. In my opinion, if more information is provided without judgmental comment from either of sides and without critique, the readers will be able to establish own opinion. Global voice has a great influence, and it is impossible to prevent consequences of it. News channels also give possibility for ordinary people to express their opinion. I tend to read these opinions and without noticing it, sometimes I take my position in terms of agreeing or disagreeing. This process is already inevitable and with more than 7 billion people on the planet, we cannot change the course of it. However, I suggest checking the credibility of information on several sources and establishing your own opinion considerately.

    This is fun! Thanks ^_^

    • Ji Li says:

      Hi Maha, I quite agree with what you have mentioned in the last paragraph that people usually prefer to believe the story that the first person has told them, and are not interested in listening to a second person talking about the same story, not to mention more information from more people. People are willing to spend more time in searching for more information about the news only when they feel they are curious about the story. Otherwise, people simply choose to believe what media conveys and don’t care about how objective or how true the information is. That’s the human nature that people can hardly avoid.

  5. Boon Han says:

    I have always been mindful to take everything I see and hear from the media with a pinch of salt. Perhaps I am a skeptical person by nature and never fully believe everything that I am told. I prefer to pass my own judgement after corroborating information from various sources and applying my own brand of logic and critical thinking. Even then, I would mentally note with a qualifier that this is simply a conclusion I drew based on the available information at that point in time, and it may not be the ultimate truth.

    Besides the danger of big media conglomerates dominating the narrative and influencing public opinions on issues, I personally think that another very very real danger in the age of social media is actually the proliferation of people who I term as the “vocal minority”. Social media has become a sort of tool for advocates of special interest groups to voice their concerns and interests in highly polished ways, with sensational visuals and audio to attract the interest of the masses and garner their support. Without, the same degree of rigorous fact checking in traditional journalism, many netizens simply post and re-post whatever they “perceive” to be the truth. And that is precisely why there are so many myths and untruths out there on the internet today and clouding the judgement of many people around the world.

    Therefore, I think it is critical for the education system of today to impart critical thinking skills to students so that they will not take everything they read at face value. Else, we risk becoming a society of sheep being led by a “vocal minority” with excellent marketing and persuasion skills.

    • Ji Li says:

      Hi Boon Han, your comment is quite impressive because I have the exactly same concerns and worries about the “vocal minority” phenomenon. Nowadays in China, especially in the recent one or two years, some netizens, who with comparatively lower education level and have much more spare time in doing activities online, are interested in posting and spreading sensational information and messages online to attract the masses. Some of the messages are fact, but quite a lot others are made-up stories. It makes me worry a lot because at the very beginning of this phenomenon, most people around me can still keep cool and know what is true and what is ridiculous nonsense. But recently, more and more people, even some of my really close friends are getting influences by some rumors. They repost a lot of rumors on our Microblog and they get so easily controlled by those unknown people. When more and more people are influenced and changed by those minority voices, minority can easily become majority. How dangerous it is in a country with huge population like China! I even had some intense debate with those friends over this issue but without any success. Such phenomenon still keeps going in China and keeps annoying me…

  6. sonigreca says:

    I’m gonna do both Chinese and English. It’s fun….
    1.Are you a person who can be easily influenced by media? Why or why not?
    我不是,因为我学新闻的,我知道多少是记者可以写的多少是不可以写的,也知道通常别人怎么写报道来吸引眼球。现在强调新闻公正的新闻者越来越少。所以我对新闻又怀疑态度,因此被影响的比较少我觉得。。。I’m not easily influenced by media. I was a journalist before. I’ve seen many bad reports, and journalists. I don’t believe in the reports I see therefore, they don’t influence me much…
    2.How much do you care about the reliability or objectiveness of a piece of news?
    学新闻之前我一直崇尚新闻的客观公正性,但是学了之后发现都尼玛是废话。。。新闻客观性公正性越来越少了。所以,我也不care了,因为我都很少看正经新闻了。。。 I used to care a lot. But since I majored in journalism, I learned to care less because I don’t watch news that often anymore…..
    3. When you hear about some news from certain media channel, will you believe that it is the whole story or try to look for more information that could help you judge the issue on your own?
    不会觉得是whole story,但是我会找些别的相关信息,用自己的直觉感官,和自己对新闻这行的了解来做自己的判断。 I won’t believe it’s the whole story. I’ll look for more information and make my own judgement.
    4. From your opinion, how can people avoid being influenced by biased media as far as possible?
    太难了,有些人就是宁愿相信新闻也不相信自己眼见的。。。有时候朋友跟我讨论什么新闻内容,我会尽量跟他们解释什么可信什么不可信。如果人们不敞开心扉接受别的人所说的儿只相信媒体,他们就会有跟媒体一样的偏见。。。 It is hard unless people are willing to open up to listen to other people and believe in their own judgement..

    • Ji Li says:

      唉,人们就尼玛宁愿相信那些乱七八糟的东西也不愿意相信自己的眼睛和判断力,最近这些新闻也是让人闹心,到底都是些什么人又是怀着什么居心在传播这类偏见性这么强的新闻啊?还有没有点职业道德了……

  7. Laura Chechette says:

    Are you a person who can be easily influenced by media? Why or why not?
    Like many other people in our class I have also taken a few journalism classes and written a few articles that were published in school and local newspapers so I like to believe that I am not easily influenced by media because I have a better understanding of the reporting process. That being said I think that it is impossible to not be influenced at least a little bit by the media because it surrounds us 24/7 on tv, online, printed publications, on our phones etc. If you are constantly being bombarded by media it is very hard not to be influenced it in one way or another.

    How much do you care about the reliability or objectiveness of a piece of news?
    I care a lot about the reliability and objectiveness of a piece of news. The other night when the police officers were shot in NH I was watching Grey’s Anatomy and the local news kept coming back at the commercial breaks despite having no new information that could be verified. Eventually they got someone on the phone that was a neighbor and they were asking her questions, but none of it could be verified or be objective. I was incredibly annoyed by this, but I think the reason they did it is because we live in a 24/7 news cycle where you HAVE to be FIRST! If you’re not first it doesn’t matter. Many websites like Gawker media have stopped worrying about reporting the news accurately and will instead just post an “UPDATE” on the story when they receive more reliable information.

    When you hear about some news from certain media channel, will you believe that it is the whole story or try to look for more information that could help you judge the issue on your own?
    I think that it depends on the media channel. For example in my opinion the NY Times is a very reliable news source because I believe that they check their sources and produce fairly unbiased and neutral stories so I may not look for more information. If I saw a story on a less reliable news source like Gawker for example I would try and find more information so I could form my own opinion. Either way however if you do not witness an event first hand you will always be looking at the event through another person’s lens or perspective so it is incredibly difficult to remove the journalists point of view from the equation.

    From your opinion, how can people avoid being influenced by biased media as far as possible?
    I don’t think that it is possible to avoid being influenced by biased media because like I said before it is so prevalent in our lives that it would be impossible to avoid unless you lived under a rock. The best anyone can do it make sure that they are seeing both sides of the story and recognizing their own personal biases as well. For example I will be the first to admit that I enjoy watching the Nightly News on NBC and can’t stand watching Fox News. Since I am aware of my bias however I think that allows me to better listen to the opposition and even if I don’t like it or agree with it, at least I am aware of it and I have access to multiple stories, not just a single story.

    • Ji Li says:

      Hi Laura, I quite agree with your comment that we live in a 24/7 news cycle where being FIRST is a crucial task for media. The faster the news can be reported to the public, the more attention could be caught from the public. On most occasions, the true story will show up only until the last minute. But at that time, there is hardly anyone still cares about a story which happened two weeks ago. Besides, the possible mistakes that the media had made in the earliest report seems no longer worthy to be corrected. We know the fact very well but still cannot avoid our subjectiveness and the nature to be attracted by sensational stories.
      Also, from my point of view, although we care a lot about the objectiveness and reliability of a piece of news, it seems that there will never be any real FACT existing in the media world, which is sad.

  8. zhoulinjolin says:

    我也觉得这是难得的一次可以用中文写作业的机会,所以一定要抓住。

    1 Are you a person who can be easily influenced by media? Why or why not?
    曾经我是,曾经美好的人为媒体怎么可以骗人,后来越来越明白媒体只是政府的喉舌这件事情后,对媒体的报道开始怀疑、思考,毕竟现在越来越多的"自由媒体",类似微博这样的网络平台提供了很多主流媒体不报道的内容,这为我的思考提供了更多素材,当然,微博本身也需要我仔细判断。后来做了公关,知道媒体更是被很多人利用,所以,更不容易被媒体影响了。

    2 How much do you care about the reliability or objectiveness of a piece of news?
    很在乎,对于我不确定客观、真实的新闻我不会轻易传播,因为我知道口口相传的影响力非常大,偏激新闻的广泛传播会造成非常严重的后果,正如支持藏独的人一样。而且,我认为轻易被不可观、不可靠的新闻影响的人是愚蠢的,他们就是被忽悠的一群人。

    3 When you hear about some news from certain media channel, will you believe that it is the whole story or try to look for more information that could help you judge the issue on your own?
    想说不会,但其实真能做到这样很难,尤其是当这条消息是是我支持赞同的观点时,我主观上会倾向于信任这条新闻,而没有多大的动力找出问题的另一面。

    4 From your opinion, how can people avoid being influenced by biased media as far as possible?
    也许一条新闻的正确性不能及时判断,但我认为一条新闻是否带有严重的偏激情绪是容易被发现的,当新闻记者或新闻中出现了很多煽动性的、绝对的、一边倒式的词汇和语句,这条新闻明显不客观,我们不能因为自己喜欢这条新闻的观点,就盲从、被影响。多搜集一些关于此事的信息,客观事实,而并非媒体或他人的主观评价,基于自己的信息做出判断,会让我们保持独立性。

    • Ji Li says:

      那你也太随意了,至少也得让Dr.CJ知道你的答案是什么吧……随便写两句英文差不多和中文意思的就行嘛~

  9. andreslmc says:

    1. Yes, I am influenced by the media everyday. When I read newspapers, watch TV, and watch movies I am subject to the perspectives of the news editor, the TV producers, and the film director. Once I consume such media I immediately begin to think about the subject being presented through the language and images selected by the person who created the media content. I react passively to media when I don’t care much for the subject being presented, however, I become highly critical when I find the subject controversial or when I find it contradicts my own perspective.
    2. I care a lot about the objectiveness of news. I depend on news media to stay informed about the world around me, therefore, I expect for the media to do their very best to prepare and present news in an objective manner. However, if I come across news that I consider to be misguided or false, but is inconsequential, then I won’t care if it lacks objectivity. For example, if I am reading sports-related news and find that the sportscaster is presenting information that I believe to be false, this wouldn’t perturb me. However, if I come across false news that has consequential effects to say human life, then yes, I would certainly be troubled by such news.
    3. If I care deeply about an issue being presented by the media, then I will certainly try to learn about the issue from a different source.
    4. In order to avoid being influenced by biased media I think that it is important to develop a personal opinion about the issue at hand. Only when we have our own opinion about an issue–even if our knowledge over the matter is limited—is when I think we have the best chance to overcome propaganda. I think that our opinion can be used as an impetus to question the objectivity and validity of what is being presented by the media.

    …..I hope this makes sense…
    1。是的,我受到媒體的日常。當我讀報紙,看電視,看電影,新聞編輯,電視節目製作,電影導演的觀點,我受。有一次,我消費我立刻開始思考這個問題被提出通過創建媒體內容的人所選擇的語言和圖像等媒體。我被動反應向媒體當我不關心這個問題被提出,不過,我變得非常關鍵的,當我發現受爭議時,我發現我自己的觀點相矛盾。
    2。我很多關心新聞的客觀性。我通知我身邊,以便隨時了解世界新聞媒體的依賴,因此,我希望媒體做他們的最好的準備和呈現客觀地新聞。不過,如果我來,我認為是誤導或虛假的,而且是無關緊要的各地新聞,那麼我不會介意它缺乏客觀性。例如,如果我讀體育相關的新聞和發現的解說員介紹信息,我相信是假的,這不會擾亂我。不過,如果我遇到有相應的影響,說人類生活的虛假消息,來,那麼,我肯定會被這樣的新聞困擾。
    3。如果我關心深深被媒體提出的問題,那麼我一定會設法了解的問題,從不同的來源。
    4。為了避免被偏頗媒體的影響,我認為,重要的是要在手發展有關問題的個人意見。只有當我們有我們自己的意見有關問題的 – 即使我們對此事的知識是有限的,是當我認為我們有最好的機會,克服宣傳。我認為,我們認為可以作為動力正在由媒體提出質疑的客觀性和有效性。

    • Ji Li says:

      Hi Andres! No worries, the English version helped make sense of it! 🙂 Nice try!
      I agree that it is important to develop a personal opinion about the issue at hand when we are reading about any kind of information or news. It is always happening that people are more reliable on news report instead of believing their own sense, knowledge and thinking. This is also related to people’s education level. The higher the education level is, the more people can learn about the world, about media, the stronger ability of independent thinking that people can have.

      Muchas gracias!:)

  10. drcookejackson says:

    OKAY THIS IS MY ALL TIME FAVORITE LOOKING POST! HOW AMAZING TO SEE THE ‘LANGUAGED’ DIALOGUE! AMAZING!!!

  11. Kristina Coppola says:

    Are you a person who can be easily influenced by media? Why or why not?

    I think that we’re all influenced by media, whether or not we’re aware of it. But, I do try to avoid the “easily” part by trying to read/watch different sources on the same topic to incorporate multiple viewpoints. I figure somewhere between the perspectives is “truth”.

    How much do you care about the reliability or objectiveness of a piece of news?

    I care a lot about the reliability and objectiveness of news, but I’m not sure that such a thing can ever be truly achieved. I think that journalists can purposely bias news by emphasizing or de-emphasizing particular facts of which they are aware, but I also think that as many others have said, personal biases sneak into the reporting as well. So, again, to gain reliable information that I’m willing to pass along, I try to find some combination of multiple sources.

    When you hear about some news from certain media channel, will you believe that it is the whole story or try to look for more information that could help you judge the issue on your own?

    News channels are master marketers….they poll and give their audiences extreme versions of what they want. I don’t believe any one particular source more than another.

    From your opinion, how can people avoid being influenced by biased media as far as possible?

    Just recognizing that there are biases and agendas (selling advertising, brand recognition, reporter/anchor ego, etc) for various news outlets is a huge step in the right direction. Also, recognizing your own biases is an important step to be able to recognize why you are attracted or uninterested in a particular perspective to the story. Then, I think its important to remember that just because an idea is comfortable doesn’t mean its true. Being willing to move beyond your comfort zone and examine different perspectives helps you develop a healthy skeptecism in my opinion.

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